Missing image

Is climate change behind the 103% increase in Agritech R&D claims?

Email
Spread the love

The latest research by R&D tax credit specialists, RIFT Research and Development Ltd, has found that the number of R&D claims submitted within the agriculture, forestry and fishing sector has climbed 103% in the last four years.

In fact, the only sectors to see a greater increase in R&D claims growth are the accommodation and food sector and the real estate sector.

But it isn’t just the number of R&D claims that’s on the up. When it comes to the total sum claimed, agriculture, forestry and fishing also ranks joint fourth for the biggest increase over the last four years along with transport and storage – up 100%. Only mining and quarrying, admin and support services and construction have seen a higher sum claimed.

Agritech R&D focuses largely around how we can produce more with less and the development of technology enables us to improve the efficiency of production and increase crop yields, while at the same time requiring fewer resources such as land and water in order to do so.

We’ve come a long way from working the fields by hand and today Agritech R&D examples include a range of innovations including: –

  •  The use of drone technology
  • Sensor technology
  • Automated irrigation
  • Improvements in delivering products to market
  • Light and heat control to improve yields and reduce waste
  • Intelligent software analysis for pest and disease protection and soil management
  • Remotely operated vehicles
  • Big data to improve or adapt existing technologies and performance

The UK has become one of the leading forces in R&D Agritech advancements largely due to our leading science and research capabilities, our innovative and well connected farming supply chain and a dynamic business environment that encourages innovation through schemes such as R&D tax credits.

But why is Agritech such big R&D business?  

While it may seem a long, long time ago, the global population has increased from 1 billion people in 1800 to 7.7 billion today. To put that into perspective, this means that today’s population accounts for 6.5% of the total number of people ever to be born.

So we have a lot more people to feed but despite this, it’s estimated that 795 million people still don’t have enough food to eat.

But not only do we need to produce more food, but a changing climate requires us to adapt how we do this.

According to research by the Natural Environmental Research Council, CO2 levels have increased, so too has the average temperature since the 1980s. Rainfall has varied erratically, sea levels have increased, severe windstorms have become more frequent, as has flooding, while ground frosts have reduced.

All of these changes impact the way we farm and produce food by causing changes in forestry environments, horticulture, the way we rear livestock, the quality of the soil available, the temperatures in different farming areas, the risk of flooding and an increase in sea levels, as well as the availability of groundwater for irrigation.

No surprise then, that Agritech R&D has become one of the leading sectors in R&D as we try to balance existing issues caused by population growth with those developing due to a change in our climate.

Director of RIFT Research and Development Ltd, Sarah Collins, commented: 

“The advancements and developments being pioneered within the Agritech sector as a result of R&D do bring a benefit to business from a profit point of view. However, the focus is much bigger than money alone and in fact, it could be argued that Agritech is one of the most vital areas of R&D today.

While previous R&D advancements have allowed us to produce more food, more quickly, and with a smaller workforce, today’s focus is very much on how we can make this produce more readily available to those that need it through the development of existing frameworks and practices.

At the same time, we are also having to evolve with a changing climate that presents new obstacles in terms of the land we use, how we use it and what we use it for. This is no doubt the driving force behind the notable increase in Agritech R&D claims and demonstrates the fast pace at which the sector is changing and improving for the better.”

Industry sector analysis of number and cost of R&D tax credit claims
Number of claims
2014-15
2015-16
2016-17
2017-18*
2014-15 to 2017-18
Number of claims
Number of claims
Number of claims
Number of claims
Change
I. Accommodation & Food
105
165
255
230
119%
L. Real Estate
100
145
210
215
115%
A. Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing
190
295
405
385
103%
Q. Health & Social Work
270
350
500
520
93%
F. Construction
1,075
1,570
2,260
2,025
88%
K. Financial & Insurance
535
765
980
925
73%
R. Arts, Entertainment & Recreation
275
395
525
475
73%
P. Education
305
440
520
500
64%
N. Admin & Support Services
1,815
2,365
3,050
2,920
61%
D. Electricity, Gas, Steam and Air Conditioning
85
115
145
125
47%
M. Professional, Scientific & Technical
6,505
8,235
10,115
9,545
47%
S. Other services activities
560
690
850
815
46%
G. Wholesale & Retail Trade, Repairs
3,745
4,715
5,805
5,335
42%
H. Transport & Storage
300
380
475
425
42%
J. Information & Communication
8,505
10,255
12,410
11,635
37%
C. Manufacturing
10,155
11,625
13,270
11,925
17%
E. Water, Sewerage and Waste,
250
255
330
290
16%
B. Mining & Quarrying
90
95
105
95
6%
Total
34,880
42,855
52,210
48,385
39%
*Latest provisional data (Oct 2019). Some sectors are not included due to lack of claims or avilable data.
Industry sector analysis of number and cost of R&D tax credit claims
Industry sector
Amount claimed (£ms)
Amount claimed (£ms)
Amount claimed (£ms)
Amount claimed (£ms)
Change
2014-15
2015-16
2016-17
2017-18*
2014-15 to 2017-18
B. Mining & Quarrying
30
65
95
110
267%
N. Admin & Support Services
80
120
170
190
138%
F. Construction
65
95
145
135
108%
A. Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing
10
15
25
20
100%
H. Transport & Storage
15
20
30
30
100%
K. Financial & Insurance
125
195
260
215
72%
G. Wholesale & Retail Trade, Repairs
140
180
240
235
68%